What Is A Cross Sectional Survey In Research?

What is the difference between a case control study and a cross sectional study?

Cross sectional studies are used to determine prevalence.

They are relatively quick and easy but do not permit distinction between cause and effect.

Case controlled studies compare groups retrospectively.

They seek to identify possible predictors of outcome and are useful for studying rare diseases or outcomes..

What is the definition of a cross section?

noun. a section made by a plane cutting anything transversely, especially at right angles to the longest axis. a piece so cut off. a photograph, diagram, or other pictorial representation of such a section. the act of cutting anything across.

Is a cross sectional survey qualitative or quantitative?

Quantitative-based cross-sectional designs use data to make statistical inferences about the population of interest or to compare subgroups within a population, while qualitative-based designs focus on interpretive descriptive accounts of a population under observation.

What are the limitations of a cross sectional study?

The disadvantages of cross-sectional study include:Cannot be used to analyze behavior over a period to time.Does not help determine cause and effect.The timing of the snapshot is not guaranteed to be representative.Findings can be flawed or skewed if there is a conflict of interest with the funding source.More items…

What type of study is a cross sectional study?

In medical research, social science, and biology, a cross-sectional study (also known as a cross-sectional analysis, transverse study, prevalence study) is a type of observational study that analyzes data from a population, or a representative subset, at a specific point in time—that is, cross-sectional data.

What is an example of cross sectional study?

For example, a cross-sectional study might be used to determine if exposure to specific risk factors might correlate with particular outcomes. A researcher might collect cross-sectional data on past smoking habits and current diagnoses of lung cancer, for example.

How do you identify a cross sectional study?

The defining feature of a cross-sectional study is that it can compare different population groups at a single point in time. Think of it in terms of taking a snapshot. Findings are drawn from whatever fits into the frame.

Is a survey a cross sectional study?

A cross-sectional survey collects data to make inferences about a population of interest (universe) at one point in time. Cross-sectional surveys have been described as snapshots of the populations about which they gather data. … Panel surveys usually are conducted to measure change in the population being studied.

What is an example of cross sectional data?

For example, if we want to measure current obesity levels in a population, we could draw a sample of 1,000 people randomly from that population (also known as a cross section of that population), measure their weight and height, and calculate what percentage of that sample is categorized as obese. …

Why is a cross sectional study a limitation?

However, it is important to be aware of the predictive limitations of cross-sectional studies: “the primary limitation of the cross-sectional study design is that because the exposure and outcome are simultaneously assessed, there is generally no evidence of a temporal relationship between exposure and outcome.”

What is cross sectional survey design?

Cross-sectional study design is a type of observational study design. … Cross-sectional designs are used for population-based surveys and to assess the prevalence of diseases in clinic-based samples. These studies can usually be conducted relatively faster and are inexpensive.

What level is a cross sectional study?

Cross sectional study designs and case series form the lowest level of the aetiology hierarchy. In the cross sectional design, data concerning each subject is often recorded at one point in time.

What are the 3 types of observational study?

Three types of observational studies include cohort studies, case-control studies, and cross-sectional studies (Figure 1).

Do cross sectional studies have a control group?

Norain, in cross-sectional design, the study population is not selected based on exposure or outcome. Therefore, the answer to your question, no, you don’t have to have a control group. … Most of the time, though, you can define a control group after you select your study population in a cross sectional study.

What is cross sectional area?

The cross-sectional area is the area of a two-dimensional shape that is obtained when a three-dimensional object – such as a cylinder – is sliced perpendicular to some specified axis at a point. … For example, the cross-section of a cylinder – when sliced parallel to its base – is a circle.